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EXHAUSTION

Exposure to heat and air pollution in Europe – cardiopulmonary impacts and benefits of mitigation and adaptation

This project aims to quantify the future burden of cardio-pulmonary disease (CPD) morbidity and mortality attributable to heat and air pollution based upon the exposure-response association from retrospective data and the latest climate modelling techniques.

EXHAUSTION

Exposure to heat and air pollution in Europe – cardiopulmonary impacts and benefits of mitigation and adaptation

This project aims to quantify the future burden of cardio-pulmonary disease (CPD) morbidity and mortality attributable to heat and air pollution based upon the exposure-response association from retrospective data and the latest climate modelling techniques.

Overview

Frequency of extreme weather events and natural calamities are increasing because of climate change. In this regard, heat events and wildfires are the two major climate risks for Europe. High ambient temperature as well as air pollutants, especially fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone (O3) during wildfires are a major risk for cardiopulmonary diseases (CPD). This project focuses on the future projection of CPD mortality and morbidity burden due to heat and air pollution, the identification of potential adaptation strategies, the analysis of health co-benefits and the cost estimation of adaptation and climate change mitigation strategies.

  1. To establish quantitative exposure-response relationship between air temperature and cardiopulmonary diseases (CPD) morbidity and mortality
  2. To provide quantitative projections of occurrence and population exposures to extreme heat
  3. To provide quantitative Europe-wide gridded projections of the future attributable CPD mortality and morbidity due to extreme temperatures and air pollution
  4. To project economic costs of the attributable CPD cases and related benefits of adaptation options
  5. To contribute to evidence-based policy-making by ensuring high impact of targeted communication and dissemination activities

WP1: Management
WP2: Exposure-response relationships for CPD mortality and morbidity
WP3: High-resolution projections of climate and air pollution
WP4: Health impact projections under climate change and adaptation scenarios
WP5: Projected socio-economic impacts and benefits of adaptation and mitigation
WP6: Dissemination; exploitation and communication
WP7: Ethics requirement

 

 

We lead the second work package, which focuses on establishing European-wide exposure-response associations for CPD morbidity and mortality, studying also the interactive and synergistic effects of both temperature and air pollution exposures, and the effect on highly vulnerable sub-groups within the population. An additional focus is also on investigating potential effect modifiers and thereby identifying influencing factors on adaptation strategies.

 

Participants from following existing cohorts: CONOR (Norway), UK Biobank (UK), KORA (Germany), RoLS (Italy) and SWEDEHEART (Sweden)

European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 820655 (funding period: June 2019 – May 2023)

Partner I: Norway

  • CICERO - Centre for International Climate Research, Oslo, cicero.oslo.no/en
    in co-operation with

  • Uio – University of Oslo , Oslo, www.uio.no/english/

  • Folkehelseinstituttet – Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, www.fhi.no/en

  • Infodesignlab AS, Oslo

Partner II: Denmark

Partner III: Romania

  • Administratia Nationala De Meteorologie – National Meteorological Administration, Bucharest, www.meteoromania.ro

Partner IV: Portugal

Partner V: Greece

  • Ethniko Kai Kapodistriako Panepistimio Athinon – National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, www.uoa.gr

  • Draxis Environmental, Thessaloniki, draxis.gr

Partner VI: UK

Partner VII: Luxembourg

  • LISER - Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research, www.liser.lu

Partner VIII:  Italy

  • Azienda Sanitaria Locale Roma – Regional Health System, Rome

Partner IX: Finland

Frequency of extreme weather events and natural calamities are increasing because of climate change. In this regard, heat events and wildfires are the two major climate risks for Europe. High ambient temperature as well as air pollutants, especially fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone (O3) during wildfires are a major risk for cardiopulmonary diseases (CPD). This project focuses on the future projection of CPD mortality and morbidity burden due to heat and air pollution, the identification of potential adaptation strategies, the analysis of health co-benefits and the cost estimation of adaptation and climate change mitigation strategies.

  1. To establish quantitative exposure-response relationship between air temperature and cardiopulmonary diseases (CPD) morbidity and mortality
  2. To provide quantitative projections of occurrence and population exposures to extreme heat
  3. To provide quantitative Europe-wide gridded projections of the future attributable CPD mortality and morbidity due to extreme temperatures and air pollution
  4. To project economic costs of the attributable CPD cases and related benefits of adaptation options
  5. To contribute to evidence-based policy-making by ensuring high impact of targeted communication and dissemination activities

WP1: Management
WP2: Exposure-response relationships for CPD mortality and morbidity
WP3: High-resolution projections of climate and air pollution
WP4: Health impact projections under climate change and adaptation scenarios
WP5: Projected socio-economic impacts and benefits of adaptation and mitigation
WP6: Dissemination; exploitation and communication
WP7: Ethics requirement

 

 

We lead the second work package, which focuses on establishing European-wide exposure-response associations for CPD morbidity and mortality, studying also the interactive and synergistic effects of both temperature and air pollution exposures, and the effect on highly vulnerable sub-groups within the population. An additional focus is also on investigating potential effect modifiers and thereby identifying influencing factors on adaptation strategies.

 

Participants from following existing cohorts: CONOR (Norway), UK Biobank (UK), KORA (Germany), RoLS (Italy) and SWEDEHEART (Sweden)

European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 820655 (funding period: June 2019 – May 2023)

Partner I: Norway

  • CICERO - Centre for International Climate Research, Oslo, cicero.oslo.no/en
    in co-operation with

  • Uio – University of Oslo , Oslo, www.uio.no/english/

  • Folkehelseinstituttet – Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, www.fhi.no/en

  • Infodesignlab AS, Oslo

Partner II: Denmark

Partner III: Romania

  • Administratia Nationala De Meteorologie – National Meteorological Administration, Bucharest, www.meteoromania.ro

Partner IV: Portugal

Partner V: Greece

  • Ethniko Kai Kapodistriako Panepistimio Athinon – National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, www.uoa.gr

  • Draxis Environmental, Thessaloniki, draxis.gr

Partner VI: UK

Partner VII: Luxembourg

  • LISER - Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research, www.liser.lu

Partner VIII:  Italy

  • Azienda Sanitaria Locale Roma – Regional Health System, Rome

Partner IX: Finland

Contact PI

Dr. Alexandra Schneider

Deputy Director of the Institute of Epidemiology, Head of Research Group 'Environmental Risks', Senior Scientist

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